This policy paper aims to identify, structure, and remit the risks of electronic voting by offering practical solutions for countering them. In the context of a wider electoral reform, after a cost-benefit analysis has been performed and the introduction of internet voting has been decided upon, this paper can help foresee presumable challenges and refute ungrounded objections.
It is intended as a reference for politicians, public officials, civic activists, and citizens overall for preventing, detecting, and mitigating i-voting misuse, safeguarding e-democracy against distortions, and strengthening good governance.
As a universal e-participation tool, i-voting can be applied to a wide spectrum of e-democracy formats, including but not limited to non-binding online opinion polls, binding e-voting for policies, participatory budgeting projects, e-plebiscites, e-referenda, and e-elections (i-elections, online elections). Thereby, i-voting can serve representative, direct, participatory, liquid, and other forms of democracy.